Understanding spermatogenesis can greatly in enhance your chances of conception.
In simple terms, Spermatogenesis is the complete cycle of sperm production and maturation. This cycle takes about 64 days.
It persistently supplies your body with enough sperm to travel through to an unfertilized ovum in a woman’s ovaries to conceive.
What’s the rate of sperm production?
During spermatogenesis, the testicles make millions of sperms per day — about 1,500 per second. By the end of a full sperm production cycle, you can regenerate up to 8 billion sperm.
In a single millimetre of semen, a man is able to release anywhere from 20 to 300 million sperm cells. The human body normally maintains a surplus to ensure there’s a fresh supply for conception.
What does this mean for me?
Fertilization is most likely to occur when you haven’t ejaculated in a while. Constant sperm regeneration fills the epididymis with fresh sperm. The longer they build up, the higher your sperm count in a single ejaculation.
If you and your partner are trying to conceive, waiting a few days between ejaculations can increase your chances of conception.
To increase your chances of conception, abstaining from ejaculation the week before your partner ovulates. This will maximize your sperm count during your partner’s most fertile window.
Frequent ejaculations can lower your sperm count in a single ejaculation. This can help you avoid getting your partner pregnant, especially if you abstain from sex until after ovulation ends.
The healthier your sperm are, the more likely you are to be fertile and conceive.
How is sperm health measured?
Motility: This is the sperm movement. Sperm need to travel through a woman’s cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes before they get to the ovum for fertilization. Motility is measured by how many sperm are moving — if you’re fertile, at least 40 percent of your sperm are motile.
Morphology: This is the shape of sperm. Sperm should have long tails and oval-shaped heads. A higher count of normal-shaped sperm means a higher chance of conceiving with your partner.
To help make sure that your sperm are being produced in high quantities, as well as with high motility and regular shapes, try the following;
Exercise regularly, get enough vitamin C and D in your diet, get enough lycopene, and limit how much you smoke, limit your alcohol intake and avoid tight fitting underwear and clothing.
How to increase you and your partner’s chances of conception
If you and your partner are trying to conceive, you may want to:
Have sex two to three times a week to increase your chances of releasing many healthy sperm.
Wait two to three days between sessions to make sure that you release the largest possible number of sperm in the highest possible volume of semen. For this to work, you’ll need to abstain from masturbation on “off” days.
Use an ovulation predictor kit to test the levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) in your partner’s urine. LH levels go up right before ovulation. If your partner receives a positive result, have sex the day they took the test. Having sex for the next couple of days may also increase your chance of conceiving.
Don’t use oil-based lubricants while you’re trying to conceive. They can have a negative effect on sperm health.
See your doctor for a semen analysis if you’ve been trying to conceive for over six months. Your sperm health depends on many factors, including your age, diet, and overall sperm count. Your doctor can determine how healthy your sperm are and whether conception is possible, as well as advise you on next steps.
Sperm quality and quantity are affected by your diet and lifestyle. Eat well, stay active, and avoid unhealthy behaviours to keep your sperm as healthy as possible.